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Adolf Hitler Biography – History, Rise to Power, Role in World War-2, and Death

Adolf Hitler was a German leader and dictator belonging to the Nazi Party in Berlin, the capital of Germany. He gradually rose to power because of his oratory skills and strategic mind. He caused pain to many of his fellow countrymen and yet he had many supporters who believed in what he did. He masterminded World War II and the deadliest genocide of all, killing millions of people.

Adolf Hitler Biography

Basic Information:

  • Hitler Birthday – 20 April 1889, in Braunau am Inn, Austria
  • Died on 30 April 1945, Führerbunker, Berlin, Germany
  • Cause of Death – Suicide

About Hitler

Adolf Hitler was almost certainly Adolf Schicklgruber, as his father Alois adopted his mother’s surname of Maria Anna Schicklgruber until he decided to adopt his stepfather’s Johann Georg Hiedler surname at the age of 40. Adolf was legally documented as Adolf Hitler. He was very close to his mother and was deeply saddened when her mother died of breast cancer in 1907 after much pain and suffering. His relationship with his father was difficult as he was very afraid of him and disliked him. He lost them in 1903.

He was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria, and moved to Linz, the capital of Upper Austria. He never completed his higher education and visited Vienna after his secondary education, returning to Linz where he rekindled his interest in becoming an artist. But he was refused admission to Lalit Kala Akademi twice. He earned his livelihood by painting postcards and advertisements. During his visit to Vienna he realized the cosmopolitan nature of the city and came to hate it. His experiences so far had made him aware of the new world.

Adolf Hitler history

When the First World War broke out in August 1914, Adolf Hitler had already been living in Munich since 1913 and was undergoing a screening for entry into military service, and he voluntarily registered his name for selection into the Bavarian Army, He was rejected and the reason given was his lack of strength. But he went ahead and sent a petition request to the Bavarian King Louis III to be allowed to serve, and he was then allowed to join the 16th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment. After an 8-week training period he was deployed to Belgium in October 1914 and took part in the First Battle of Ypres. He rendered his services during the entire duration of the war and was even admitted to hospital. For his bravery displayed in December 1914 he was awarded the Iron Cross, Second Class, and in August 1918 the Iron Cross First Class, a rare medal. The war disrupted his civilian life and he was quite satisfied with that. Discipline and comradeship qualities further strengthened his heroic qualities in battle. This exposure during the war also restored and strengthened his German patriotism.

Adolf Hitler rise to power

He took up further political interest and role after returning to Munich in May 1919 following Germany’s defeat in the First World War. He remained in the army due to lack of formal education and further career prospects. He was tasked with influencing the troops and in September 1919 he entered the small German Workers’ Party (DAP), his oratorical skills impressed everyone including party chairman Anton Draxler and he joined. Along with the Chairman and other influential leaders, who imbued him with anti-capitalist and anti-Marxist ideas, he followed his orders and left the army to officially join the party in March 1920. The party was renamed the National Socialist Workers’ Party (NSDAP). Called the Nazi Party.

Working in the party was fruitful for Adolf Hitler as he successfully managed to gather more and more people to join the party. This worked in their favor as many people were still grieving the losses suffered during World War I and many were dissatisfied with the Republican government running in Berlin. Dissatisfaction and resentment brought into this party those soldiers in Munich who were adamant not to return to civilian life. Hitler took advantage of this situation and was so skillful that he gathered many more army generals to join the party. And favorable conditions permitted the growth of this small party. Due to economic instability and many economic losses many citizens joined the party. In July 1921, Hitler became a leader with unlimited powers.

He was arrested after the coup attempt on 11 November 1923 for high treason; His sentence was for 5 years in jail but he served only 9 months in jail. After his return the situation in Germany completely changed. The Republican Party reformed many regulations and the economic losses suffered after the war were being compensated, economic stability was being achieved. Hitler was banned from giving speeches in Bavaria and many other German states. This ban was prominent in 1927 and 1928.

The economy collapsed during the Great Depression in October 1929. And during this time he joined the nationalist Alfred Hugenberg in a campaign against the Young Plan, an attempt to renegotiate Germany’s war reparations payments for the second time. Through Hugenberg’s letters he had a nationwide audience. And came to power once again by receiving money and support from many political leaders and army generals. He also became Chancellor after the death of the President in January 1930. The leadership turned into a dictatorship from 1933–1939. And with their power the Nazi Party won and ruled by many votes.

Adolf Hitler Role in World War II

Since his dictatorship was a type of rule, his beliefs included discriminating against the Jews and continuously persecuting them. This only fueled his strong ambition to capture more territories and fulfill his personal revenge by convincing people that he was merely compensating for the losses suffered by Germany’s harsh treatment in World War I. Poland was attacked in This invasion led to a counterattack by the French and British, who offered military aid to Poland and these countries declared war. The war was fierce and even his countrymen were not spared.

Attacks were carried out on many countries and many countries responded with equal force. 30 countries were involved in World War II. About 100 million people participated and casualties were estimated at 70 million to 85 million.

Hitler’s death

The war ended with the German surrender a week after Hitler’s suicide in May 1945. Adolf Hitler committed suicide by shooting himself in the basement of his home in Berlin on 30 April 1945. His wife Eva Braun, whom he had married on 29 April 1945, was found dead after drinking poison following instructions from her husband, Adolf Hitler. He died carrying the Iron Cross he had received for his service during the First World War. The bodies were burnt and buried as per his orders. There were many controversies and conspiracy theories surrounding his death, including claims that he was alive and protected by the West, which was ignored when his cremated ashes were tested and his death indefinitely proven. Hui.

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